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CodeHeaps.com:
Creating a Blog Using Laravel 4 (Series)
February 18, 2014 @ 10:53:20

The CodeHeaps.com tutorial site, they've posted the latest in their tutorial series creating a blog with the popular Laravel framework. In the first part they looked at models and database seeing, in part two they focused on controllers and in this latest part they focus on routing.

In this article we will create a simple blog using Laravel 4. Our blog application will have the following features: display posts with read more links on home page, search posts on blog, display a single post with comments and allow users to post comments. Administrator will be able to perform CRUD operations on posts and comments [and ] will be able to moderate comments.

In the three parts so far they show some simple migrations to create the "posts" and "comments" table and some basic (lorem ipsum) content. They create a basic "blog" controller and login functionality to identify the current user. Finally, they create the routing to hook it all together including some "before" hooks and authentication protection on the administrative areas.

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Link: http://www.codeheaps.com/php-programming/creating-a-blog-using-laravel-4-part-3-routing/

Kristopher Wilson:
Decoupling the Framework
December 02, 2013 @ 12:19:36

Kristopher Wilson has a new post to his site talking about something that could be very difficult with an existing application (and a good starting place for a new one) - decoupling from the framework. He advocates that your application shouldn't be an extension of the framework, more so a user of it to make it potentially easy to replace.

We spend a lot of time discussing and analyzing the features and merits of several frameworks, trying very hard to make sure we find the perfect one to use for our project. Rightfully so: picking the wrong framework can lead to a slew of issues down the road in terms of maintenance and scalability. [...] We also spent a considerable amount of effort making sure that there is minimal amount of coupling within our code. Strong coupling leads to problems testing, adapting, refactoring and reusing code. What if we applied that same principal to dealing with whatever framework we're using?

He goes on to look at the "framework is not your application" concept and fleshes it out with examples of it applied to a few different topics: Controllers, Models and ORMs. He also shows how, through the use of something like Doctrine's EntityManager, you can easily abstract things out so the internals of the application can easily split the application and framework.

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decouple framework controller model orm doctrine entity

Link: http://kristopherwilson.com/2013/11/27/decoupling-the-framework/

Zumba Engineering Blog:
Incorporating Mongounit into Multi-datasource Models with Traits
October 31, 2013 @ 10:42:27

On the Zubma Engineering blog today Chris Saylor has written up a tutorial showing how they used traits to use multiple data sources with Mongounit, working around the single source limitations it enforces.

A while back we open sourced Mongounit, a PHPUnit extension for testing models utilizing mongodb. One key issue that we've discovered as we incorporate MongoDB into more of our data models is that extending Mongounit's TestCase class limits that unit test towards Mongo only as the datasource. Since only a portion of our data is in Mongo while the remaining is in MySQL, limiting a test case to work with one datasource or another is too limiting.

They tried two other solutions first, separating out the tests by data source and manually clear the Mongo data in the tests, but both ran into problems. Instead, they opted to use traits to provide drop-in Mongo testing support as needed. It provides a simple interface to set up and tear down the needed Mongo resources - an example of which is also provided in the post. The code for the trait can be found on Github.

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trait mongounit unittest database multiple source model

Link: http://engineering.zumba.com/2013/10/30/multiple-data-sources-phpunit-testing/

Developer Drive:
Introducing Laravel, part 2
October 28, 2013 @ 13:18:51

The Developer Drive blog has posted the second part of their series introducing the Laravel PHP framework. In this new tutorial they build on the basics from part one to briefly discuss controllers and the Eloquent ORM.

In the first part of this introductory mini series we looked at simple routes and views and now we'll look at how to work with controllers and models , how these two fit in the framework and how to use them.

They explain some of the basics of controllers first including a bit of sample code showing how to output a basic view and add a new route. Following that is a brief look at using the ORM and making a model - a Post - and defining the table it relates to.

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laravel framework introduction series part2 controller route model eloquent orm

Link: http://www.developerdrive.com/2013/10/introducing-laravel-part-2/

PHPMaster.com:
Lesser-Known "Features" of PHP's OO Model
July 22, 2013 @ 12:21:22

On PHPMaster.com there's a new tutorial from Lorna Mitchell about some of the lesser known OOP features that are built in to the PHP language. She talks about things like interface inheritance, private properties and autoloading and type hints.

The vast majority of today's applications written in PHP are object-oriented, and in general the core OOP concepts are pretty well understood by PHP developers. This article pushes the boundary of your understanding and shows you some tricks, or potential pitfalls depending on your perspective, of OOP in PHP.

Besides the ones mentioned above, she also looks at abstract classes and their use as well as the use of "finally" to handle the cleanup after exceptions.

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Link: http://phpmaster.com/lesser-known-features-of-phps-oo-model

PHPMaster.com:
Build a CRUD App with Yii in Minutes
July 03, 2013 @ 10:48:09

On PHPMaster.com there's a new tutorial posted showing you how to create a CRUD app with the Yii framework "in minutes." You might want to have a little familiarity with Yii before you start, but it's not absolutely required.

Yii is a high performance framework that's fast, secure, and well-suited for Web 2.0 applications. It favors convention over configuration, which means that if you follow its guidelines you'll end up writing much less code than you would otherwise (and less code implies fewer bugs). Furthermore, it offers many convenient features out of the box, such as scaffolding, data access objects, theming, access control, caching, and more. In this article I'll cover the basics using Yii to create a CRUD system.

They walk you through a basic installation and jump right in to working with controllers and routing. The rest of the tutorial is broken up into a few different steps:

  • Step 1: Create the database (MySQL in this case)
  • Step 2: Make a model to correspond to the "posts" table
  • Step 3: Click on the CRUD generator for the model

This generates all needed views and functionality to be able to create new records, update current ones, delete records and get the current data.

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Link: http://phpmaster.com/build-a-crud-app-with-yii-in-minutes

MaltBlue.com:
Zend Framework 2 - Hydrators, Models and the TableGateway Pattern
May 15, 2013 @ 11:13:46

Matthew Setter has written up a post to his site that continues his look at the features of Zend Framework 2. This time he's looking specifically at hydrators, models and the table gateways and their use in connecting your application with a database.

One set of features has really been helping me of late ones that really have me smiling; these are: Hydrators, Models and Table Gateways. If you're new to ZF2 or database interaction with frameworks, then you're in a perfect position as today's post will be giving you a good introduction to the basics of using both together.

He starts with a look back at how it all was done in ZF1 and shows how using these three components makes for an even better system, allowing the model to be completely data-source agnostic. His examples start with the table gateway class, showing how to connect it with a "users" table. From there he adds in the model (with an "exchangeArray" method) and a hydrator that maps the table columns to the properties on the entity. He shows how to add this setup to the service configuration and its use in a controller, returning a full list of the records in the "user" table.

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zendframework2 tutorial hydrator tablegateway model database

Link: http://www.maltblue.com/tutorial/zendframework2-hydrators-models-tablegateway-pattern

Rob Allen:
Objects in the model layer Part 2
April 02, 2013 @ 11:55:50

Rob Allen previously posted about some of his practices around the different types of objects in the model layer of his Zend Framework 2 applications. In this latest post he follows up and shares some example code for the different types.

I previously talked about the terms I use for objects in the model layer and now it's time to put some code on those bones. Note that,as always, all code here is example code and not production-ready.

He includes sample classes related to his "books" examples - a "book" entity (with title, author, id and ISBN), a mapper object to load/save/delete the entity and a service object that provides an interface for the entity to the rest of the application.

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object model layer entity mapper service interface book


Rob Allen:
Objects in the model layer
March 22, 2013 @ 10:45:54

In this latest post to his site Rob Allen talks some about application structure and the different kinds of objects he uses in his applications.

I currently use a very simple set of core objects within my model layer: entities, mappers and service objects. [...] I dislike the phrase "service object" as the word "service" means so many things to so many people. I haven't heard a better phrase yet that everyone understands though.

He defines each of the types of objects to help make the separation clearer. Here they are in brief:

  • Entities are objects that represent something in my business logic.
  • Mappers know how to save and load an entity from the data store.
  • Service objects provide the API that the rest of the application uses.

Some of the comments on the post relate his choices to use in Zend Framework v2-based applications, noting that there are some base components you can extend to create these kinds of objects.

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object model entity mapper service oop structure znedframework2


PHPMaster.com:
The MVC Pattern and PHP, Part 2
March 12, 2013 @ 11:19:03

PHPMaster.com has posted the second part of their MVC series, introducing you to the Model/View/Controller design pattern. If you want to catch up, part one is here.

Welcome to part 2 of this two-part series discussing MVC and PHP, where we'll discuss some of the considerations one must make when using an MVC architecture. If you've come straight to this article without reading part 1 first, I encourage you to head back and have careful read as this one will assume that you've read and understand everything it discussed.

He talks about some of the things more involved in making a MVC framework including routing and URL formats and working with templates. Sample code is included for the route handling, model/controller relationship and view classes for the templates.

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mvc designpattern introduction tutorial model view controller routing view



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