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SitePoint PHP Blog:
From Request to Response: A Journey into Drupal 8 Internals
Aug 18, 2015 @ 10:22:33

In a post on the SitePoint PHP blog author Daniel Sipos takes you on a trip through the Drupal 8 execution structure, from request to response, in the internals of the tool.

In the first article on Drupal 8 module development we looked a bit at the routing aspect of this process. We’ve seen that creating pages with paths is now a matter of declaring routes that match up with controllers. The latter, as we’ve seen, can return a render array that gets interpreted into markup and displayed in the main content area of that page. However, did you know that under the hood, Drupal actually transforms that array into a Response object according to the dictates of Symfony’s HTTPKernelInterface?

In this article, I would like us to go deeper into the internals of Drupal 8 (and Symfony2) and look at what actually happens (and can happen) from the moment a request is made by a user to the one in which they see something returned in response.

He starts at the initial point of the request, the front controller, and talks about the creation of the Request instance and it's handling by the HTTPKernel. He moves into the kernel and talks about the events that are triggered during execution and provides an illustration of the flow of the request all the way through to the response. He then "goes deeper" into looking at render arrays and the HTMLRenderer handling to manage the output of the page on the Drupal side.

tagged: request response drupal8 internals symfony httpkernel overview

Link: http://www.sitepoint.com/from-request-to-response-a-journey-into-drupal-8-internals/

ServerGrove Blog:
Symfony2 components overview: HttpKernel
Oct 01, 2013 @ 11:25:35

On the ServerGrove blog today they've posted the second in their series focusing on individual components of the Symfony2 framework. In this new post they look at the HttpKernel component, another of the foundational blocks of the framework.

In the second post of the Symfony2 components series we are going to talk about the HttpKernel component. If the HttpFoundation component provided the building blocks of the HTTP protocol, the HttpKernel component makes use of them to define an abstract process for converting a Request into a Response.

The post looks at the HttpKernelInterface, the "front door" to the component that takes in a Request object and makes its contents accessible. Also included is a list of some of the configuration options that can be used to alter its behavior, all based on events that fire during execution (the kernel is driven by events). There's also an example included of using the StackPHP middleware as decorators on the kernel.

tagged: symfony2 component overview httpkernel httpkernelinterface stackphp

Link: http://blog.servergrove.com/2013/09/30/symfony2-components-overview-httpkernel/

Symfony Blog:
New in Symfony 2.2: The new fragment sub-framework
Feb 26, 2013 @ 10:13:50

Fabien Potencier has new post post to the Symfony Blog today talking about a big update to the Symfony framework, the introduction of a new "fragment sub-framework". This framework (now a part of the HttpKernel) allows the handling of requests based on a few different strategies.

About a month ago, I merged a complete refactoring of the sub-requests management of Symfony. In fact, I created a whole new sub-framework to handle the rendering of resource fragments via different strategies. [...] Besides classical master requests, the HttpKernel component is now able to handle sub-requests. Let's me sum up the different strategies that are available: internal sub-requests, ESIs, HIncludes, and SSIs (in 2.3).

He talks some about each strategy and what situations they're best suited for and some sample code that shows the use of the "standalone" and "strategy" parameters. There's also new methods you can call (like "render_esi" or "render_hinclude") to work with the new features as well.

tagged: subframework fragment symfony2 subrequest httpkernel

Link:

Fabien Potencier:
Debugging Silex applications just got fun
Feb 08, 2013 @ 11:54:38

On his site Fabien Potencier has posted about a feature added to Silex to help make debugging the flow of your application "more fun" - the Symfony web profiler.

One of the big advantages of both Symfony and Silex is that they are based on the Symfony HttpKernel component. [...] But handling HTTP requests with the Symfony HttpKernel also gives you a lot of free and optional features like a built-in reverse proxy written in PHP, easy handling of ESI and Hincludes (via the Fragment sub-framework), or the gorgeous Symfony web profiler.

The profiler provides information on which components were accessed, their memory consumption and how long they took to execute. The integration happens via the WebProfiler provider for Silex and is already integrated into the Silex skeleton base application.

tagged: silex debug profiler microframework httpkernel skeleton

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